Kali Puja is one of the most prominent festivals celebrated in the Eastern part of the country. Kali Puja coincides with Diwali, while the rest of the country worships Goddess Laksmi and Lord Ganesha on this day, in the eastern region of India, this day is dedicated to Goddess Kali.
Kali Puja also known as Shyama Puja is celebrated on the new moon day known as the Dipannita Amavasya of the Kartik month, as per the Hindu calendar.
This year Kali Puja 2020 will be celebrated on 14 November, Saturday. According to the Drik Panchang the year the Kali Puja Nishita time will begin at 11:50 pm to 12:42 am on 15 November.
Amavasya tithi begins at 2:17 pm on 14 November and ends at 10:36 am on 15 November. Goddess Kali is worshipped on the day when Amavasya prevails during midnight whereas Lakshmi Puja is done when Amavasya prevails during Pradosh.
According to tradition , in the 16th century there was a Tantric scholar Krishnananda Agamavagisha in Bengal. He was a Kali Bhakt and it was believed that he had dreamt of Goddess Kali and it is said that she instructed him to worship the Goddess of Shakti and darkness in her motherly avatar. Since then Maa Kali has been worshipped in different avatars and this festival is celebrated extensively in Bengal, Assam and other eastern regions.
Goddess Kali is the fierce avatar of shakti and she represents woman in her rudra avtar with four hands, dark skin, wearing a mund mala of beheaded demons. She adorns Kharga, sword and her long flowing hair signifies the power of a woman.
On one hand Goddess Kali’s right hands depict the Abhaya Mudra, which is believed to protect the world on the other hand the Varada Mudra of her hands signifies her motherly love and granting boons to her devotees. Lastly, her protruding tongue signifies how Lord Shiva calmed her down.
According to the Hindu mythology, Goddess Kali’s furious tandav marked her victory over demons and that led to trembling of the earth. When Lord Shiva saw her moving towards the verge of devastating the earth and on the request of Gods, Lord Shiva laid in front of her to stop the tandav and calmed her down, this is why when she stepped on his chest by mistake, her tongue protruded.